Claudius was in effect marrying his sister when he married Gertrude.To Elizabethans, this doctrine of incest was not obscure canon law.It was interpreted to prohibit relations between the wife and the brother of the husband. In effect, upon marriage, the husbands brother became the brother of the wife, and this relationship survived the death of the husband.As Claudius says: Therefore our sometime sister, now our queen, have we taken to wife.The symbol of Britannia was first used in 1572, and often thereafter, to mark the Elizabethan age as a renaissance that inspired national pride through classical ideals, international expansion, and naval triumph over the Spanish – at the time, a rival kingdom much hated by the people of the land.In terms of the entire century, the historian John Guy (1988) argues that "England was economically healthier, more expansive, and more optimistic under the Tudors" than at any time in a thousand years.It affected their lives, the throne and religion of England, and changed the course of history. Eight years later, when Henry became king, he decided to marry Catherine, who was 6 years older than he.
This was based on the Old Testament book of Leviticus : If a man shall take his brothers wife, it is an unclean thing; he hath uncovered his brothers nakedness; they shall be childless.
One of them was her father, Henry VIII, who endured a succession of failed marriages.
The purpose of a royal marriage was not love and affection but the cementing of an alliance with another country.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in English history marked by the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).
Historians often depict it as the golden age in English history.